#RRBC Spotlight Author: Laura Libricz!

Hello and welcome to Harmony’s place today! It gives me great pleasure to host author Laura Libricz on her Rave Reviews Bookclub Spotlight tour! Take it away, Laura :)

Author Pic

 

Welcome to Day 4 of my #RRBC “SPOTLIGHT” Author Blog Tour. I would like to thank the RRBC and my host for such a great opportunity.

Today we’re talking about an important aspect of German history: the witch trials of the early seventeenth century. This post is a heavier but one I feel is important because this theme is central in my second novel The Soldier’s Return, scheduled to be released in September 2017. This happened years before the famed Salem witch trials. We’ll look specifically at the city of Bamberg in Germany where women and men were being persecuted in the thousands.

Throughout the dark ages, Christianity had difficulties setting down roots among the Germanic tribes. Stories are told of saints who came to the German people and destroyed sacred trees and mystical places to show the people that their gods had no power. Even after Christianity took hold and the Catholic Church was established in the Germanic territories of the Holy Roman Empire, evidence shows that the Germanic people held onto their beliefs in goddesses, magic, herbal remedies, and pagan practices.

Persecution of heathens and witches was regular but not widespread in Germany in the medieval period. But as the Catholic Church grew swollen and corrupt, pagans were seen as a threat. Pope Innocent IV declared in his papal bull Ad extirpanda, dated 1252, that the use of magic, herb collecting, and questionable gatherings in so-called mystical or heathen sites was forbidden and to be enforced by torture. The famed Hammer of the Witches, the Malleus Maleficarum, the handbook by Heinrich Kramer on what witchcraft was and how to deal with it, was first published in 1486 and remained popular for two hundred years.

In the early 16th century, a new opposition to Rome appeared in the Empire among the Germanic territories: the Protestant movements. The most famous of these movements was the Reformation led by the teachings of Martin Luther. The Catholic Church was quickly losing the Germanic regions to this new teaching. By the middle of the 16th century, many major German cities had officially converted to Protestantism. As the 16th century came to a close, severe weather, failing crops, rising prices, disease, and an overall doomsday atmosphere fueled the Catholic Church’s  renewed efforts to win back the territories.

Someone or something was responsible for the woes of the world and whoever or whatever was going to pay. People had deep fears regarding Satan and witches and these fears could be used to re-seize power. Doctrine and rumors spread quickly because of widespread use of the printing press. Illustrations were popular and even illiterate people could be influenced. Scapegoats were found at first among those people who could least defend themselves: women, children, the poor, the uneducated. Even Martin Luther and the Protestants condemned witches and supported their torture and execution.

In the center of this mania was Franconia, Germany and the witch burning stronghold of Europe, the bishopric Bamberg. During the time of the Thirty Years War (1618 – 1648), more witch trials and executions took place in this area than in any other area in Europe. Thanks to the efforts of historians (see: Sources, at the end of this article), much of the available information has been catalogued and can be reviewed in their publications.

A few thousand documents survived that dark period from 1616 to 1631 even though they had come close to being lost. At some point between 1830 and 1840, the Old Court in Bamberg had a clear out and sold lots of old papers to a housewares shop. The shop had a stand on the market and wrapped their wares in these old papers. Luckily, a historian named Johann Adam Messerschmitt noticed his order of nails was wrapped in official witch trial documents. He bought all the papers and secured them in the Bamberg archive.

What is left today are the documented fates of 884 accused men, women and children. Among the papers, historians have found protocols of the inquisitions. The questions used by the inquisitors were often so comical that the accused would laugh. The demand for reports of the instances of dancing and dining with the devil, what was eaten and drunk at these parties, and who was among the other participants was at first not taken seriously. The documented torture protocols, invoices for jail stays, and invoices to the families of the executed for the wood used in the witch fire are disturbing at the very least.

The first accused were those most easily arrested but soon branched out to include other victims as well. This included well-to-do citizens whose complete possessions and properties were confiscated by the church. Other high-profile citizens opposed the trials as did the whole of the Bamberg city council. One by one these families were arrested, tortured and executed, city chancellors and their families eliminated. This included the five-time mayor Johannes Junius, whose case is one of the most well-documented. The secret letter he wrote to his daughter explaining his innocence exists today.

The witch persecution ended dramatically in 1632. Swedish troops invaded and occupied Bamberg, ended the persecution, and the last of the detained were let go. A few trials took place after this period but the executions were stopped. In August 2015, almost 400 years later, after a massive initiative by the citizens’ group Bürgerverein-Mitte, the Mahnmal, a memorial to warn of past wrongs, was erected to remember the innocent men, women, and children who were accused, tortured and executed.

We remember because ‘their suffering compels us to stand against all types of marginalization, abuses of power, degradation and every sort of fanaticism.’

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Further reading:

Ralf Kloos: Witchburner Online Museum: https://www.hexenbrenner-museum.com/index.php/en/;

Birke Grieshammer: Hexen-Franken http://www.hexen-franken.de;

The Memorial: http://www.br.de/nachrichten/oberfranken/inhalt/hexenmahnmal-bamberg-installiert-100.html

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THE MASTER AND THE MAID

Book Coverhttps://www.amazon.com/Master-Maid-Heavens-Pond-Trilogy/dp/0996817786/

BLURB:

She’s lost her work, her home and her freedom. Now, harboring a mysterious newborn, she could lose her life.

In 17th Century Germany on the brink of the Thirty Years War, 24-year-old Katarina is traded to the patrician Sebald Tucher by her fiancé Willi Prutt in order to pay his debts. En route to her forced relocation to the Tucher country estate, Katarina is met by a crazed archer, Hans-Wolfgang, carrying a baby under his cloak. He tells her an incredible story of how his beloved was executed by a Jesuit priest for witchcraft right after the birth and makes Katarina—at sword point—swear on her life to protect the child. But protecting the child puts Katarina at risk. She could fall in disfavor with her master. She could be hunted by the zealots who killed his beloved. She could be executed for witchcraft herself. Can Katarina’s love for the baby and Sebald Tucher’s desire for her keep the wrath of the zealots at bay?

Set in Franconia, The Master and the Maid is an accurate, authentic account of a young woman’s life in Germany in the 1600’s, her struggle for freedom and her fight for those she loves.

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AUTHOR BIO:

Laura Libricz was born and raised in Bethlehem PA and moved to Upstate New York when she was 22. After working a few years building Steinberger guitars, she received a scholarship to go to college. She tried to ‘do the right thing’ and study something useful, but spent all her time reading German literature.

She earned a BA in German at The College of New Paltz, NY in 1991 and moved to Germany, where she resides today. When she isn’t writing, she can be found sifting through city archives, picking through castle ruins or aiding the steady flood of musical instruments into the world market.

Her first novel, The Master and the Maid, is the first book of the Heaven’s Pond Trilogy. The Soldier’s Return and Ash and Rubble are the second and third books in the series.

Twitter – @lauralibricz

Facebook – @LauraLibriczAuthoress

Website – http://www.lauralibricz.com

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33 comments on “#RRBC Spotlight Author: Laura Libricz!
  1. Hi there Harmony! Thanks so much for hosting me today. This is such an honor. And this is a subject that has me riveted right now. I’m spending a lot of time with this sort of research. Thanks for reading such a heavy post!

    • Harmony Kent says:

      It’s great to host you, Laura. Congrats on being RRBC Spotlight author! Good luck with everything ?

  2. Shirley Harris-Slaughter says:

    Hi Laura and congratulations on your Spotlight Author Tour! You present an interesting take on German history. I am into history myself told from a personal perspective. Good luck today.

  3. Gwen Plano says:

    This was a powerful read, Laura. Your final line needs repeating, “We remember because ‘their suffering compels us to stand against all types of marginalization, abuses of power, degradation and every sort of fanaticism.’” All the best to you….and thank you, Harmony, for hosting. ♥

  4. Another fascinating post! If people were to act from a place of love rather than fear, the world would be a better place. Thanks for hosting, Harmony.

  5. Mar says:

    Such an awesome post, Laura. Thanks for sharing with us. Your SA journey has been a wonderful one, thus far. Harmz, thanks so much for hosting Laura and always being eager to support. :)

  6. Hi Marlena, thanks for your continuing support!

  7. Thanks so much for hosting Laura today, Harmony. It has been a most interesting and informative week thus far. I loved reading more about the history of Germany during the 17th century,

  8. Micki Peluso says:

    Laura, this was an interesting and enlightening post. I never realized witch hunts were happening in Germany. I read mostly British, Scottish and Nordic historicals.I always thought it originated in Great Britain and among the Puritans. This was a pleasure to read. Thanks.

    • Harmony Kent says:

      Lots of history here. Thanks for stopping by, Micki! :)

    • Hi Micki,
      German history tends to get overlooked by the English speaking audience, except, of course, the 20th Century. It’s one reason I want to write this stuff for an English-speaking audience. Thanks for stopping by!

  9. Very interesting story about witches and their crafts. All heathen, non-Christian, societies are known to be steeped in this practice even today. In my part of the world, very recently, even children were burnt alive as witches. Sad. My good wishes go with you as you continue to tour. Thank you, Harmony for hosting her.

  10. John Howell says:

    Very interesting post. It is amazing how witch hunting seems to have had no country boundaries. Thanks for hosting Harmony and best wishes on your tour, Laura.

  11. Harmony Kent says:

    Isn’t it an interesting post?! Great to see you, John :)

  12. Mae Clair says:

    Laura, this was another fantastic post and a look into (this time, highly disturbing) history. I’ve read several of The Hangman’s Daughter series of books which are set in 17th century Germany. The first book addressed the persecution of those accused of witchcraft. Difficult reading, especially the horrors innocent people were subjected to. Every post on your tour has been so intriguing!

    Harmony, thanks for hosting :)

    • Harmony Kent says:

      Thanks for stopping by, Mae! :)

    • Hi Mae, I read The Hangman’s Daughter in German. His books are popular in English but it seems some stuff gets lost in translation. Readers have complained about some of the language the translators use. I’m so glad to see there is an intrest in this period of German history, though!

  13. Mike Crowl says:

    Interesting series of posts in this blog tour, Laura. Makes me glad I don’t write historical novels: I’d have to do too much research! LOL

  14. Jan Hawke says:

    Oh boy! Any kind of fundamental belief and the resultant hysteria is nothing new, is it? Fascinating post, Laura. 😀
    Thanks for having us all over Harmz <3

  15. A powerful post, Laura, and you capture that dark period of history in such remarkable detail. Thank you for sharing this with us. I’m making my way through your tour a little late, but I’m so pleased I didn’t miss this stop.
    Thanks for the warm welcome, Harmony, as always. :)

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